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Pagan Greek Mythology
of Helios the Sun
antiquity, the sun-god was represented as the driver of a fiery
chariot who wore a crown of thorns or fiery rays. The chariot was
the sun which was pulled through the sky above the clouds by four
horses that represented the four seasons.
The sun was
the most powerful astrological body in the ancient world and was
worshipped as the image of God in almost every nation, especially
in ancient Greece. The Neo-Pythagorean philosophers believed that
God, called "The One," whose image was the Sun, talked
to Man through the divine medium of geometry, arithmetic, words,
signs, symbols and even the letters of their alphabet through the
power of gematria! In
ancient Egypt, the astrological symbol consecrated to the sun god
Ra was a circle with a dot in the middle, which was also the symbol
for the number "1," named "Divine Unity."
In Greek mythology, Hyperion
was the Titan of light, the father of the sun, the moon, and the
dawn, and Helios was his son. Each morning at dawn, Helios rose
from the ocean in the east and rode his chariot, pulled by four
horses, across the sky to descend in the west. He was called upon
by witnesses because he saw and knew everything that happened on
Helios was depicted as a
youth with a halo wearing a billowing white cloak. His daughters
were Phaethusa ("radiant") and Lampetia ("shining").
He had a son named Phaeton who drove his chariot across the sky
one day but the unskilled youth lost control of the horses and fell
to his death.
He was later depicted as
a key figure in the Mithraic mystery religion that was a key competitor
with early Christianity. He is shown on a relief in the Mithraeum
under St. Prisca in Rome. In early Christian art, Jesus was sometimes
represented as an incarnation of Helios such as in a fresco in the
necropolis beneath St. Peter's in Rome.
of Helios, the Sun
Many different cultures had Sun-Gods. For the Greeks he was named
Apollo, Zeus, or Helios, for the Egyptians he was Horus, for the
Romans he was Sol Invicus, for the Phonecians he was Baal, for the
Persians he was Mithra, for the first Christians he was personified
as Jesus, the Christ. The following metaphors are characteristics
and attributes of the "Sun" of God:
- The sun is the "Light of the World."
- The sun is "the image that shines on them" 2Cor 4:4.
- The sun "comes with the clouds, and every eye shall see
him." Rev 1
- The sun is from "the beginning and the end"
- The sun is their Lord which comes as a "Thief in the Night"
- The Sun causes the end where "the elements will be dissolved
with fire and the earth and everything done on it will be burned
up." (2 Peter 3:10)
- The sun (like the above drawing) wears a crown of thorns or
- The sun "walks on water" when it rises or sets on
a body of water
- The sun has "eyes that are like fire"
- The sun is "a consuming fire"
- The sun "brings fire down from heaven"
- The sun helps to make seeds grow
- The sun's "followers" or "disciples" are
the 12 months and the 12 signs of the Zodiac, through which the
- The sun is "crucified," when it passes through the
spring and fall equinoxes, the vernal equinox being Easter, at
which time it is resurrected.
- The long stem cross represented the staff of Apollo long before
the time of Jesus
- Dec 25th is the winter solstice and birth of the sun.
The early Christian Church eagerly promoted Jesus-Helios-Sol sun
symbolism to appease the Roman emperor Constantine who was the high
priest of Sol Invictus all through his reign. The sun symbolism
continues to the present day on robes, banners, icons, behind the
cross in a ray of light, flames coming from the heart of Jesus,
etc. Priests even bow and kiss a monstrance which is a gold statue
of the sun on a pedestal during processions.